How would you survive if you had been born 500 years back? Quite likely You would not! In the past a lot of the children born died before they could grow up. As many as 40 percent of the people born died before they were 16. Even if they survived life was hard for kids. Most didn’t go to college. Instead from a young age they had to help the family by doing some work. Both parents and teachers were very rigorous and beating naughty kids was normal. However children did have some opportunity to play and enjoy themselves.
Kids in Ancient Egypt
Egyptian children played similar games to those kids play today.
Most children in Egypt did not go to college. Instead boys learned Farming or other transactions from their fathers. Boys from wealthy families sometimes learned to be scribes. They heard by copying and memorizing and discipline was strict. Teachers conquer naughty boys. The boys learned writing and reading and also mathematics. Women from well off families were sometimes taught at home.
Since the climate in Egypt was quite hot kids often did not wear clothes. They also often shaved their heads except for a single plait of hair on the face of the mind.
Life at Egypt
Children in Ancient Greece
In Greece if a child was born it was not regarded as a person until It was five days old when a particular ceremony was held and the kid became part of their household. Sometimes strangers would adopt abandoned infants. However in that case the infant became a servant.
Women married when they had been about 15. Marriages were arranged for them and often their spouse was much older than them.
In early Greece women learned skills such as weaving from their Moms. Boys from better off families moved into school. They began at the age of seven. Boys from a rich family were escorted to school by a slave. Women from well off families were regularly educated at home.
The boys learned reading, writing and arithmetic along with poetry and music. The Greeks also believed that physical education was quite important so boys did dance and athletics.
In Sparta kids were treated really harshly. They were treated severely to turn them into brave soldiers. They were intentionally kept brief of food so they would have to steal – instructing them stealth and cunning. They were whipped for any offence.
Spartan girls learned athletics and dance – so they would become fit and wholesome mothers of more soldiers.
In Ancient Greece when boys were not at school and girls were not They also played with knuckle bones. Children also played with spinning tops, dolls, model horses together with wheels, hoops and rocking horses.
Life in Greece
Kids in Rome
Lots of the inhabitants of Rome were slaves. Prisoners of war were Made slaves and any kids slaves had were automatically slaves.
Boys and girls were given a kind of necklace called a bulla. It Consisted of a charm within a pouch. It was worn around the throat. When a boy became a man he discarded his bulla. A woman wore hers before she got married.
The children of well to do Romans moved to a primary school known as a Ludus at age 7 to learn how to read and write and do simple arithmetic. At the age of 12 or 13 and boys went to secondary school where they’d learn geometry, history, literature and oratory (the art of public speaking).
Teachers were often Greek slaves. The teachers were very strict and they often beat the kids.
Roman children played with wooden or clay dolls and hoops. They also Played basketball games and board games. They also played with toy carts and with creature knuckle bones.
Life in Rome
Kids in the Middle Ages
Kids from royal families saw little of the parents. When they Were very young nurses cared for them. When they were about 7 they were sent to reside with another royal family. Boys became pages and needed to wait on lords and ladies. They also learned to battle. At 14 a boy became a squire and at 21 a knight. Girls learned the skills they needed to conduct a household.
Childhood stopped early for children from the Middle Ages. In upper class Their parents arranged their marriages for them. Kids from poor families might have more choice about who they wed but at the time they were about 7 or 8 they had to start helping their parents by doing simple tasks like chasing away birds when plants had been sown or helping to weave wool. Kids were expected to help the family make a living as soon as they managed.
Life from the Middle Ages
Aztec children were treated quite harshly. Could have cactus spines pushed into their skin or they were held over a flame containing chilies and were made to inhale the smoke.
However the Aztecs thought education was significant. Boys learned Jobs like fishing and farming from their dads and women learned skills like cooking and weaving from their moms. However both boys and girls attended colleges. (Even though they were taught individually). The ordinary Aztec kids went to a school known as a telpochalli. They learned about faith and history but also about music and dance. When they were older boys learned to fight.
Noble children went to a college called a calmecac. They learned to Read and write. Their writing consisted of pictograms or pictures which represented sounds). Upper class children also studied religion, mathematics and astrology.
Inca children were treated aggressively to toughen them. They had been severely punished if they misbehaved.
Chosen girls or Aqllakuna. They had been removed from their families and sent into a house of chosen women or Aqllawasi. They were taught the Inca faith and skills like cooking and weaving. When they had been about 14 some of the women became priestesses or they wed important Incas or even the Sapa Inca himself (that the Sapa Inca often had hundreds of wives).
Ladies left behind discovered skills like cooking and weaving in their Mothers.
Called Amataus who trained them to rule. When they reached the age of 14 boys were given a loincloth which symbolized the fact that they were now young men.
From the early 16th century many boys went into chantry schools. Rich guys Left money in their own willingness to pay priests to pray for their spirits. After the spiritual changes of the 1540s the chantry colleges were shut. However many wealthy men founded grammar schools.
Tudor Boys usually went to a kind of nursery school called a ‘petty School’ first then moved onto grammar school when they had been about seven. The school day started at 6 am in summer and 7 am in winter (folks went to bed early and got up early in these days). Lunch was from 11 am to 1 pm. Boys went to school 6 days a week and there were few holidays.
From the 16th century many kids learned to read and compose with Something called a horn publication. It was not a publication in the modern sense. Rather it was a wooden board with a handle. Fixed to the plank was a sheet of paper with the bible and the Lord’s prayer (the Our Father) written on it. The paper was generally protected by a thin piece of animal horn.
Discipline in Tudor schools was barbarous. The teacher often had a stick Boys were hit with the birch twigs on their bare buttocks.
At roughly 15 or 16 the cleverest boys might go to one of England’s two universities, Oxford and Cambridge.
In the 17th century kids from well off families went to a form of Infant school called a tiny school. Upper class girls (and sometimes boys) have been taught by tutors. Middle glass women may be educated by their own mothers. Moreover through the 17th century boarding schools for girls were set in several cities. In them girls were taught subjects like writing, music and needlework. (It had been considered more important for women to learn ‘achievements’ than to examine academic subjects).
As usual poor children didn’t go to school. From Age 6 or 7 They were expected to do some jobs e.g. scaring birds away from newly sown seeds. However at least when they were not working they could play the very same games children had played for centuries.
Children in the 18th Century
Things changed little for kids during the 18th century. Kids From poor households were expected to work as soon as they managed. When they were not working kids played games that are simple. Discipline was still very strict and corporal punishment was normal.
From the early 18th century charity colleges were set in several cities. They were occasionally called Blue Coat Schools because of the color of the children’s pajamas.
Boys from well off families went to grammar schools. Girls from well Off families also went to college but it was felt important to allow them to learn ‘accomplishments’ like embroidery and songs rather than academic subjects.
Life from the 18th Century
For many children from the early 19th century matters grew worse! The Industrial revolution produced a massive demand for child and female labor. Children had always done some work but at least before the 19th century they functioned in their own houses with their parents or on property nearby. Children’s work was largely seasonal so that they did have some opportunity to play. When kids worked in textile mills they frequently worked for over 12 hours every day.
From the early 19th century parliament passed legislation to curtail child labor. However they all was unenforceable. The first effective Law has been passed in 1833. It was powerful because for the first time factory inspectors were appointed to make sure the law was being obeyed. The new law banned kids under 9 from working in textile factories. It stated that children aged 9 to 13 should not do the job for over 12 hours a day or 48 hours a week. Kids aged 13 to 18 must not work for more than 69 hours a week. Additionally nobody under 18 has been allowed to work at night (from 8.30 pm to 5.30 am). Children aged 9 to 13 have been given 2 hours education each day.
Conditions in coal mines were also terrible. Kids as young as 5 worked underground. In 1842 a law prohibited kids under 10 and all females from working underground. In 1844 a law prohibited all kids under 8 from functioning. Then in 1847 a Factory Act explained that women and children could only work 10 hours a day in textile mills.
In 1867 the law was extended to all factories. (A mill was defined As a place where more than 50 people were employed in a manufacturing process).
In the 19th century boys were forced to climb up chimneys to clean them. This barbaric practice was finished by law in 1875. Gradually children were protected from the law more and more.
Victorian households were much bigger than today. That was partially Because infant mortality has been high. People had many children and approved that not all of them would survive.
From the early 19th century the churches supplied schools for poor children. There have been also dame schools. They were conducted by women who taught a little reading, writing and arithmetic. However many dame schools were actually a child minding service.
The state did not take responsibility for education until 1870. Forsters Education Act laid down that colleges ought to be provided for all children. If there were not enough places in existing schools afterward board colleges were built. In 1880 school was made compulsory for 5 to 10 year olds. However school wasn’t totally free, except for the poorest children until 1891 when fees were abolished. From 1899 children were needed to go to college till they were 12.
Women from upper class households were educated by a governess. Boys were often sent to public colleges like Eaton.
Middle class boys went to grammar schools. Middle class women went to Personal schools were that they were educated ‘accomplishments’ such as music and sewing.
Discipline in 19th century schools was barbarous. Beating children was Normal although from the 19th century the cane generally replaced the birch. Furthermore kids who were poor at courses were humiliated by being made to wear a cap with the phrase ‘dunce’ onto it.
From the late 19th century city councils laid out public parks for recreation. The first children’s playground was built at a park in Manchester at 1859.
Before the 19th century kids were always dressed like little adults. In that century that the first clothes made specifically for kids appeared such as sailor suits.
Life in the 19th Century
Children in the 20th Century
Things greatly enhanced for many children during the 20th century. They were also better educated.
Additionally candy have been a luxury in 1914. They became much more common In the 1920s and 1930s.
In the 20th century kids had much more toys than ever before. In 1900 Frank Hornby devised a toy named meccano. In 1907 Robert Baden-Powell formed the boy scouts. In 1910 the woman guides were shaped.
In 1900 children occasionally left college when they were just 12 years old. But in 1918 the minimum school leaving age was raised to 14. Between the wars working class kids went into elementary schools. Middle class kids went to school schools and upper class kids went to public schools.
Following the 1944 Education Act all children had to sit a test Known as the 11 plus. Those who passed went to grammar schools while people who collapsed went to secondary modern schools.
Until the late 20th century instructors were allowed to hit children. Corporal punishment has been phased out in most primary schools in the 1970s. The cane was abolished in state secondary schools in Britain in 1987. It was eventually abolished in private colleges in Britain in 1999.